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【精品推薦】家族歷史譜賞析

古人說:“有夫有婦,然後為家。”又說:“家,謂一門之內”。所謂“家譜”,狹義地講,應是一直系內的本家之譜。漢代以前,見之於正史載錄的譜牒類書多以“世家”為名,且屬王侯大夫及有社會重大影響的人物才具有。如《齊太公世家》、《魯周公世家》、《孔子世家》、《陳涉世家》。到了漢代,以“世本”為書目,專門記錄姓氏、世系、居、作。例如《世本》十五篇。到了隋朝,屬於譜牒的籍名開始變得多種多樣,如家傳、家紀、家記、家史、世系、家牒、譜記等。按正史《隋書》記載,首先出現在正史載錄中有“家譜”冠名的書為“楊氏家譜狀並墓記”。隋朝之後,在《新唐書》中,以“家譜”冠名的才真正開始多起來,如《謝氏家譜》、《薛氏家譜》、《顏氏家譜》、《李用休家譜》等。按照范文瀾《中國通史簡編》載:“《漢書·藝文志》是秦、漢以前著述的總錄,《隋書·經籍志》是隋以前著述的總錄。”那麼,“家譜”一名的取用應在漢至南北朝時期。所以,有說以“家譜”為名始於宋代,是不確切的。作為家譜,本應為一直系之本家譜。但後來,絕大多數是“凡同一區域內的同一先祖的各分支後裔的共同譜牒”統稱為家譜。從歷史上譜牒用名看,宗譜、族譜、家譜應是有一定區別的。

The ancients said: “there is a husband and a wife, then for the family.” And he said, “a home is a door.” The so-called “family tree”, in a narrow sense, should be the original family tree. Before the han dynasty, most of the genealogical books recorded in official history were named as “old families” and belonged to princes and influential figures in the society. For example, the family of taigong of qi, the family of duke zhou of lu, the family of Confucius, and the family of Chen wade. To the han dynasty, “shi Ben” as a bibliography, records the surname, lineage, residence, writing. For example, shiben 15. In the sui dynasty, the books and names belonging to the genealogy began to become various, such as family tradition, family discipline, family records, family history, lineage, family records, and so on. According to the official history of sui shu, the book which first appeared in the official history records with the name of “family tree” was “Yang’s family tree and tomb”. After the sui dynasty, in the new book of tang dynasty, the number of people named by “family tree” really began to increase, such as the family tree of xie, the family tree of xue, the family tree of yan, and the family tree of li yexiu. According to fan wenlan’s brief compilation of the general history of China: “records of art and literature of the han dynasty is the general record of works written before the qin dynasty and the han dynasty, and records of classics of the sui dynasty is the general record of works written before the sui dynasty.” So, the use of a “family tree” should be in the han dynasty to the northern and southern dynasties. Therefore, it is not accurate to say that the name “genealogy” began in the song dynasty. As a family tree, it should be a family tree. But later, the vast majority are “all in the same area of the same ancestor of the branches of the common genealogy” collectively referred to as genealogy. From the historical use of the name of genealogy, genealogy, genealogy should be a certain difference.

“家有譜,州有志,國有史”,清代著名史學家章學誠把家譜與國家歷史和州縣方誌相提並論。一部家譜,記載著一個家族生生不息的傳承,維繫著家族的血脈。家譜,其實是一個家族的血緣生命史。所謂“水源木本”,所謂“慎終追遠”,其實就是時刻提醒自己,你有根,有源,要知道自己是從哪兒來的,不能忘本。所以,宋代理學家朱熹說:三十年不修譜,是為不孝。另一位理學家程頤曰:譜牒壞,人不知來處,故譜不可不修。

Zhang xuecheng, a famous historian in the qing dynasty, compared the family tree with the national history and the local records of prefectures and counties. A family tree, records the continuity of a family, maintain the family bloodline. A family tree is the history of a family’s life. The so-called “water source wood”, the so-called “cautious pursuit”, in fact, is always to remind yourself that you have roots, active, to know where you come from, can not forget. Therefore, zhu xi, a neo-confucian scholar in the song dynasty, said, “it is unfilial not to cultivate music for thirty years.” Cheng yi, another neo-confucianism scholar, said: the genealogy is bad, no one knows where to come, so the genealogy must not be repaired.

【精品推薦】家族歷史譜賞析

【精品推薦】家族歷史譜賞析

隨著歷史的發展,家譜由官修變為私修,所錄內容不斷豐富,其作用也不斷增加和變化。如今,家譜同各姓氏的郡望、堂號一樣,不僅為區別姓氏源流,可作為數典認祖、研究歷史、地理、社會、民俗等參考資料,它還是姓氏文化的重要組成部分。它以記載父系家族世系、人物為中心。

With the development of history, genealogy changed from official cultivation to private cultivation. The recorded content was constantly enriched and its function was constantly increasing and changing. Nowadays, genealogy, like the names of shiwang and tang, is not only used to distinguish the origins of surnames, but also can be used as reference materials for the study of genealogy, history, geography, society and folk customs. It is also an important part of the culture of surnames. It records the paternal line of the family line, people as the center.

家譜是中國特有的文化遺產,在漢族有悠久的歷史。家譜不僅記錄著該家族的來源、遷徙的軌跡,還包羅了該家族生息、繁衍、婚姻、文化、族規、家約等歷史文化的全過程。

Genealogy is a unique cultural heritage in China, with a long history in the han people. Genealogy not only records the origin and migration of the family, but also covers the whole process of the family’s life, reproduction, marriage, culture, clan rules, family covenant and other historical and cultural processes.

家譜是中華民族的三大文獻(國史,地誌,家譜)之一,屬珍貴的人文資料,對於歷史學、民俗學、人口學、社會學和經濟學的深入研究,均有其不可替代的獨特功能。

Genealogy is one of the three major documents of the Chinese nation (national history, geograph and genealogy). It is a precious humanistic data, and has its irreplaceable unique function for the in-depth study of history, folklore, demography, sociology and economics.


原创文章,作者:每日頭條,如若转载,请注明出处:https://kknews.tw/tvg6bawv.html

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